Focusing on breathing is the foundation practice. It is useful as a relaxation technique easily grasped by a beginner. It also helps an ambitious person practice meditation which is the highest level.
Don’t try to regulate the breathing
Focus on your in-breaths and out-breaths ‘passively’. They may be short, long, deep or shallow. Watch them as you would watch the rising and falling waves in the sea, sitting on the beach. Don’t try to impose a pattern on the in-breaths and out-breaths. This is not related to Yoga. We are OK, if the breathing pattern changes by itself during the practice. Exception is the ‘911 mode’ used sparingly.
Six basic modes of ‘Focusing on breathing’ are described below. Try each mode eyes closed, for one to two minutes except for the ‘staring mode’. After some practice, try with open eyes .
These are described in the second part. Try them after experiencing the basic modes for some time.
How to Count breaths?
During the first in-breath, feel the coolness inside the nose. During the out-breath, slowly and silently repeat the number ‘one – one – one’. During the next in-breath, feel the coolness inside the nose. During the out-breath, repeat ‘two – two – two’. During the next in-breath, feel the coolness inside the nose. During the out-breath, repeat ‘three – three – three’. Why we repeat the number is explained at (1).
Start with any one hand, say the left hand. Gently flex the little finger. Count three breaths as explained above. Release the little finger.
Repeat counting three breaths, at each of the other four fingers, flexing one finger at a time.
Then switch to the right hand and repeat the practice at each of its fingers.
Continue practicing, switching the hands. See link to video demo (5).
Start with any one hand, say the left hand. Touch the tip of the thumb to the tip of the little finger. Count three breaths as explained. Repeat the practice at each of the next 3 fingers – ring, middle and index fingers. When at the thumb, place the tip of the index finger at the base of the thumb and count three breaths.
Then switch to the right hand and repeat the practice.
Continue practicing switching the hands.
Every finger has two cross lines, dividing it into three parts, called segments. Start with any one hand, say the left hand. Place the tip of the thumb at the top segment of the little finger. Count three breaths as explained above. Move the thumb to the middle segment and count three breaths. Move to the bottom segment and count three breaths. Release the little finger.
Repeat these steps at the next three fingers – ring, middle and index fingers. At the thumb, place the tip of the index finger on its segments and repeat the steps.
Then, switch to the other hand and repeat the above steps.
Continue practicing switching the hands.
Don’t use fingers. Count three breaths as explained.
When you breathe out next time, restart counting from ‘one – one – one’. Every time, count only up to three breaths. Continue practicing as long as you like.
Every time your mind wanders and you lose track of the breaths, quietly resume counting the breaths, starting from ‘one – one – one’.
Don’t use fingers. Don’t count. During the in-breath, feel the coolness inside the nose. During the out-breath, feel the warm or neutral sensation.
You can also place a hand on your abdomen and focus on its slight outward movement as you breathe in and inward movement as you breathe out.
Every time your mind wanders and you lose track of the breaths, quietly resume the practice by focusing on the coolness during the in-breath.
Keep your eyes open. Stare at a small but prominently visible spot, mark, object or part of an object at your eye level or below. Without letting your eyes wander, practice any of the above four breathing modes. More at (2)
This is not passive but active breathing. Keep your eyes closed for better impact. Breathe in through the nose or mouth quickly. Keep your lips almost closed with just a small opening, as if you are holding a straw between the lips. Blow air through the lips. Focus on the sensation at the lips. The outgoing breath will be slow and long.
Repeat this practice, till yo feel some relief from acute stress of any kind, mental or physical. More at (3)
We can develop our own variations of the above basic modes. These are some variations I use – ‘Engaging the idle hand’, ‘Visualizing mode’ and ‘Dynamic modes’ . More at (4).
Related pages: Benefits: De-addiction to Will power
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